Apache Web Server maybe one of such popular server application and those are so many articles describes an implementation how to &Â Apache Web Server tutorial on openSUSE. Even with so many tutorial regarding Apache and virtual host on openSUSE, I’m going to mad for about 2 days finding why Apache virtual host doesn’t work as it should be.
The problem maybe related to myÂ fault but I don’t want any openSUSE fans going to be mad for about a days only for setup Virtual Host on openSUSE 🙂 . Another reason why I writing the tutorial is because I must preparing a good tutorial for Indonesian openSUSE monthly meeting next Saturday.
Tutorial will be divided into 3 part. Initial part is about Apache installation and simple setup to make “it Works !”. The second part will describe about virtual host setup using text configuration and the third part will describe graphical method, an implementation of YAST2 Web Server for setting up Apache and virtual host. Let’s move on the part 1 : Installing and simple configuration
Installation usingÂ YAST
- Open YAST | Software | Software Management
- Change the Filter choice from Search toÂ Patterns
- Scroll down the option and choose Server Functions
- Thick downÂ Web and LAMP Server
- Click Accept and follow the installation wizard
Installation using Konsole/Terminal
- Open Konsole / Terminal (ALT+F2, konsole)
- Run the following command:
[code language=’cpp’]zypper in -t pattern lamp_server[/code]
Running the Service
- Open YAST | System | System Services (Runlevel)
- Find the service name :Â Apache2
- ClickÂ start and Enable
- we would also activating and running the service using konsole by running this command from konsole :
[code language=’cpp’]chkconfig –add apache2
chkconfig apache2 on
service apache2 restart[/code]
Activating Index File
For security reason, openSUSE disabling unindexed folder. If we try to browse the folder without index.html, it will shocked us with error message “Access Forbidden”. We may add the index file (e.g : index.php) into Apache configuration or change the index behaviouras describe belowÂ :
- Open file /etc/apache2/server-default.conf
- Go to the position of DocumentRootÂ configuration (see below)
- Change Options None into Options All. We may also using another option (Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews). Please refer to http://httpd.apache.org/docs-2.2/mod/core.html#options for further information
- Restart Apache
# Configure the DocumentRoot
# Possible values for the Options directive are “None”, “All”,
# or any combination of:
# Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
# Note that “MultiViews” must be named *explicitly* — “Options All”
# doesn’t give it to you.
# The Options directive is both complicated and important. Please see
# for more information.
# AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
# It can be “All”, “None”, or any combination of the keywords:
# Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
# Controls who can get stuff from this server.
Allow from all
[code language=’cpp’]service apache2 restart[/code]
Testing the Web Server
- Open your browser
- Type this address : http://ip-address-web-server or http://hostname or http://localhost (The last option will only be used on your local computer). Contoh : http://192.168.100.1 atau http://vavai.vavai.com
- If you get the nice information It Works! then you passed the first part of Apache setting 🙂
- openSUSE used /srv/www/htdocs as default home folder
- Apache configuration could be found at /etc/apache2
- If you used Firewall, make an exceptin for port 80 unless you used another port. PortÂ 80 is a standar port for Apache Web Server